The goal of the United States was admirable — to help redevelop the economies destroyed by the war and to keep workers in those countries from being attracted to the promises of communism.
As a result, the so-called iron curtain soon divided East from West in Europe. They won the first lap but we won the race. Soviet troops in red were able to secure Eastern Europe, while the other Allies worked to win the West.
Determined not to let Communism spread in East Asia, Truman quadrupled military spending and ordered General MacArthur to retake the southern half of the peninsula. The United States was able to support its allies in a recovery, development and growth process that exhausted the USSR and forced China to change its policies on inward investment.
Still a conservative, though, Eisenhower refused to endorse the blossoming civil rights movement and signed the Landrum-Griffin Act, also known as the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, in the wake of numerous AFL-CIO labor union scandals in the mids.
The United States and its allies won the Cold War. In defiance, he followed through on his plan to create a buffer between the Soviet Union and Germany by setting up pro-Communist governments in Poland and other Eastern European countries. Large shopping centers containing a great variety of stores changed consumer patterns.
The Marshall Plan was so successful that factories in Western Europe were exceeding their prewar production levels within just a few years. The following year saw the start of the Korean Warwhich engaged U.
Inpresident Truman of USA announced a doctrine of resistance to Communist aggression which guaranteed American aid to all free nations resisting Communism.
Once the Nazi leaders were arrested and war crimes trials began, a date would be agreed upon for the election of a new German government and the withdrawal of Allied troops. Once his allies gained control, he ordered a purge of the local parties, based on those in the Soviet Union in the s.
Nixon and the House Un-American Activities Committee led the earliest Red hunts for Communists in the government, which culminated with the prosecution of federal employee Alger Hiss and the executions of suspected spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
More on this topic. At the same time, federal dollars feeding this complex helped produce one of the greatest economic booms in world history. Roosevelt and Harry S Truman and Soviet premier Joseph Stalin never really trusted one another, even while working together to defeat the Nazis.
Domestic fears of communism erupted in a Red Scare in America in the early Twenties. This process was executed in the zones held by the western Allies.
Though the need to defeat the Germans had made USSR a partner in the Allied forces from onwards, Stalin of USSR himself had displayed tendency towards trying to dominate the world, and use of dictatorial powers and military powers towards people of his own country as well as others.
With the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Cold War ended and democratic and market liberalism became the foundations of future global growth. President Harry Truman responded to Soviet pressure by announcing that the United States would support any country threatened by communist aggression.The causes of the Vietnam War trace their roots back to the end of World War II.
A French colony, Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia) had been occupied by the Japanese during the war.
Ina Vietnamese nationalist movement, the Viet Minh, was formed by Ho Chi Minh to resist the occupiers. All these factors contributed to a climate of mistrust that heightened tensions at the outbreak of the Cold War.
For most of the second half of the 20th century, the USSR and the United States were engaged in a Cold War of economic and diplomatic struggles. The Cold War really did not start with any one event. It was sort of a natural consequence of the Russian Revolution of and World War II.
The Cold War was caused by mistrust, differing political systems and the disagreement over the rebuilding of Berlin and Europe. The question of war reparations caused a divide between the Soviet Union and the Allies.
While the Cold War can be attributed to certain causes, the tensions between. Unlikely, The Cold War Between the United States and the Soviet Union (Glenview: Scott, Foresman/Little, Brown, ), p.
] By the first phase of the Cold War was over. The fall of the Berlin Wall. The shredding of the Iron Curtain. The end of the Cold War. When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed the reins of power in the Soviet Union .Download