From the beginning of the Ottoman Empire, sultans had children with concubines rather than with their wives. Other examples of this - Roman Emperors, the prophet and caliph Mohammad of the early Islamic Caliphate inetc.
The Ottoman had two power hierarchies. The Mughal Empire, at its peak, was in control of the entire Indian subcontinent. That being said, the Ulama had the power to give legitimacy Ottoman safavid and mughal the Safavid government in the early years of the empire, which it did.
Under these reforms, the Ottoman government attempted to create an pan-Ottoman national identity that could compete with expanding European powers. This is a discussion of only two of the many similarities between the empires. Eventually, European colonialism would win out when the Ottomans ended up on the losing side of World War One, and was carved up by Britain, France, and Italy.
Reigning over a territory that was about half Sunni Muslim and half Hindu, the Mughal rulers had to be very careful about how its policies would affect both its Muslim and Hindu members of society.
The three Muslim Empires are similar in that they each ruled over subjects with diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds. The founders of the Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughal empire all originated from Turkish tribesmen of the Oghuz tribe.
The pattern of royal concubines and mothers gaining influence shows up in not only the three Muslim Empires, but within European Empires and royal families as well.
Again in similarity with the Ottomans, the Safavids suffered from a series of weak leaders, and internal power struggles for control of the empire led to even more weakness.
Although he was accused by many as being a heretic, his actions show the steps taken to accommodate and promote the many religions and ethnicities of the empire. The Ottoman government was an absolute monarchy that lost touch with the people over time. It was only when this order gained military prowess that it became a political entity, and later an empire.
Akbar did not wish to pick sides and incur the distrust of the large Hindu population, and thus chose to follow a new religion of his own creation. Aurangzeb did not force conversion to Islam, but nonetheless followed the pattern of confessionalization enacted by the Ottoman and Safavid Empires .
In India, the Mughal Empire was founded under similar circumstances of Turkic Sufi tradition, with heavy influences from the neighboring Persian culture. Pari Khan Khanum and Mahd-i Ulya.
The leaders of each of the empires had Turkic ethnic backgrounds and Islamic roots, and all of the empires developed strong military forces because of this, they are collectively referred to as the Gunpowder Empires.
Each of the empires had to contend with religious divisions within their empires, and were able to overcome these differences and please the various groups within their empires.
However, the Ottoman declined due to the aforementioned succession problems, instability from a rapidly expanding border, peasant revolts, and economic problems stemming from wars. In the Ottoman Empire, it is important to note that the Ottoman Turks presided over a massive amount of territory that was only about half Sunni Muslim.
Extensive study has not been done on the role of Safavid royal women, but it is evident that royal mothers had significant influence in the Safavid Empire as well.
The Mughal harem also had its own administrative structure, which consisted entirely of women .
Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals, Boulder, Colorado: The Gunpowder Empires were similar in many ways: Palace women were placed in essentially the same positions in all three of the Islamic Empires. There was no religion-based hierarchy in the ruling class; people proved their loyalty to the ruler by serving him, not by following a certain religion .
Each of the three empires had a harem that was set up essentially the same way. In the early 16th century, Shah Ismail Safavi would have a great number of military successes over a very short amount of time, in the process greatly influencing what would become modern day Iranian culture.
Early Mughal rulers, such as Akbar, focused on promoting universal religious tolerance. The most obvious similarity between these three empires is their similar origins in ethnicity and Sufism.
Religious leaders and teachers helped spread Islam throughout the empire. The most famous Shah was Abbas the Great, who recruited Persians into his bureaucracy and formed a military made up of conquered troops, much like the Ottomans and their janissaries.Successes and Failures of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires.
October 31, by iackelsb • Uncategorized • 0 Comments. Starting around the same time in the 15th century, The Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughal Empire established control over what would become three of the greatest and most expansive empires in world history, let alone Islamic history.
Islamic Empires Ottoman Safavid Mughal. Age of Gunpowder Empires – Changed the balance of power This term applies to a number of states, all of which rapidly expanded during the late 15th and over the entire 16th century.
Most significant were Portugal. Decline of the Muslim Empires: Safavid, Ottoman, and Mughal Since the beginning, all empires have faced change in many ways, declining and rising in status. The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughals were all gunpowder empires.
More about Compare and Contrast Ottoman and Mughal Empires Essay. Essay on Ottoman vs. Mughals Words | 7 Pages. Get an answer for 'What are the differences between the Ottoman and Safavid empires in terms of government and religion?' and find homework help for other Ottoman Empire questions at eNotes.
The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal dynasties established control over Turkey, Iran, and India respectively, in large part due to a Chinese invention - gunpowder.
In large part, the successes of the western empires depended on advanced firearms and cannons. The Mughal Empire was a powerful Islamic Empire ruling in a country with a large Hindu majority.
It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread Muslim arts and culture as well as the faith. Safavid Empire.Download